This plugin is a server implementation of the AURA specification using the Flask framework. AURA is still a work in progress and doesn’t yet have a stable version, but this server should be kept up to date. You are advised to read the Issues section.
If Pillow is installed (
python -m pip install Pillow) then the optional
height attributes are included in image resource objects.
beet aura to start the AURA server.
By default Flask’s built-in server is used, which will give a warning about
using it in a production environment. It is safe to ignore this warning if the
server will have only a few users.
Alternatively, you can use
beet aura -d to start the server in
development mode, which will reload the server every time the AURA plugin
file is changed.
If you would prefer to use a different WSGI server, such as gunicorn or uWSGI, then see Using an External WSGI Server.
AURA is designed to separate the client and server functionality. This plugin
provides the server but not the client, so unless you like looking at JSON you
will need a separate client. Currently the only client is AURA Web Client.
In order to use a local browser client with
file:/// see Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS).
Note the absence of a trailing slash:
http://127.0.0.1:8337/aura/tracks/3/ returns a
404 Not Found error.
To configure the plugin, make an
aura: section in your
configuration file. The available options are:
- host: The server hostname. Set this to
0.0.0.0to bind to all interfaces. Default:
- port: The server port.
- cors: A YAML list of origins to allow CORS requests from (see Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS), below). Default: disabled.
- cors_supports_credentials: Allow authenticated requests when using CORS. Default: disabled.
- page_limit: The number of items responses should be truncated to if the
client does not specify. Default
Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS)¶
CORS allows browser clients to make requests to the AURA server. You should
cors configuration option to a YAML list of allowed origins.
aura: cors: - http://www.example.com - https://aura.example.org
In order to use the plugin with a local browser client accessed using
file:/// you must inclue
'null' in the list of allowed origins
(including quote marks):
aura: cors: - 'null'
Alternatively you use
'*' to enable access from all origins.
Note that there are security implications if you set the origin to
so please research this before using it. Note the use of quote marks when
allowing all origins.
If the server is behind a proxy that uses credentials, you might want to set
cors_supports_credentials configuration option to true to let
in-browser clients log in. Note that this option has not been tested, so it
may not work.
Using an External WSGI Server¶
If you would like to use a different WSGI server (not Flask’s built-in one),
then you can! The
beetsplug.aura module provides a WSGI callable called
create_app() which can be used by many WSGI servers.
For example to run the AURA server using gunicorn use
gunicorn 'beetsplug.aura:create_app()', or for uWSGI use
uwsgi --http :8337 --module 'beetsplug.aura:create_app()'.
Note that these commands just show how to use the AURA app and you would
probably use something a bit different in a production environment. Read the
relevant server’s documentation to figure out what you need.
Reverse Proxy Support¶
The plugin should work behind a reverse proxy without further configuration, however this has not been tested extensively. For details of what headers must be rewritten and a sample NGINX configuration see Flask proxy setups.
It is (reportedly) possible to run the application under a URL prefix (for
example so you could have
/foo/aura/server rather than
but you’ll have to work it out for yourself :-)
If using NGINX, do not add a trailing slash (
/) to the URL where the
application is running, otherwise you will get a 404. However if you are using
Apache then you should add a trailing slash.
As of writing there are some differences between the specification and this implementation:
- Compound filters are not specified in AURA, but this server interprets
filterparameters as AND. See issue #19 for discussion.
bitrateparameter used for content negotiation is not supported. Adding support for this is doable, but the way Flask handles acceptable MIME types means it’s a lot easier not to bother with it. This means an error could be returned even if no transcoding was required.
It is possible that some attributes required by AURA could be absent from the server’s response if beets does not have a saved value for them. However, this has not happened so far.
Beets fields (including flexible fields) that do not have an AURA equivalent are not provided in any resource’s attributes section, however these fields may be used for filtering.
framecount attributes for track resources are not
supported. The first is due to beets storing the file type (e.g.
it is hard to filter by MIME type. The second is because there is no
corresponding beets field.
Artists are defined by the
artist field on beets Items, which means some
albums have no
artists relationship. Albums only have related artists
when their beets
albumartist field is the same as the
artist field on
at least one of it’s constituent tracks.
The only art tracked by beets is a single cover image, so only albums have related images at the moment. This could be expanded to looking in the same directory for other images, and relating tracks to their album’s image.
There are likely to be some performance issues, especially with larger libraries. Sorting, pagination and inclusion (most notably of images) are probably the main offenders. On a related note, the program attempts to import Pillow every time it constructs an image resource object, which is not good.
The beets library is accessed using a so called private function (with a single
beets.ui.__init__._open_library(). This shouldn’t cause
any issues but it is probably not best practice.